This year we celebrate 50th anniversary of the groundbreaking event for all mankind – first step of man in a Moon. Story of $152 Billion Moon Landing is about Apollo 11 the spaceflight, that first landed humans on the Moon.
Commander Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin formed the American crew that landed the Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on July 20, 1969, at 20:17 UTC. Armstrong became the first person to step onto the lunar surface six hours 39 minutes later on July 21 at 02:56 UTC; Aldrin joined him 19 minutes later.
They spent about two and a quarter hours together outside the spacecraft, and collected 47.5 pounds (21.5 kg) of lunar material to bring back to Earth. Command module pilot Michael Collins flew the command module Columbia alone in lunar orbit while they were on the Moon’s surface. Armstrong and Aldrin spent 21 hours 31 minutes on the lunar surface at a site they named Tranquility Base before lifting off to rejoin Columbia in lunar orbit.
Apollo 11 was launched by a Saturn V rocket from Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, Florida, on July 16 at 13:32 UTC, and was the fifth crewed mission of NASA’s Apollo program.
The Apollo spacecraft had three parts: a command module (CM) with a cabin for the three astronauts, and the only part that returned to Earth; a service module (SM), which supported the command module with propulsion, electrical power, oxygen, and water; and a lunar module (LM) that had two stages – a descent stage for landing on the Moon, and an ascent stage to place the astronauts back into lunar orbit.
After being sent to the Moon by the Saturn V’s third stage, the astronauts separated the spacecraft from it and traveled for three days until they entered lunar orbit. Armstrong and Aldrin then moved into Eagle and landed in the Sea of Tranquility. The astronauts used Eagle’s ascent stage to lift off from the lunar surface and rejoin Collins in the command module. They jettisoned Eagle before they performed the maneuvers that propelled Columbia out of the last of its 30 lunar orbits onto a trajectory back to Earth. They returned to Earth and splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on July 24 after more than eight days in space.
Armstrong’s first step onto the lunar surface was broadcast on live TV to a worldwide audience. He described the event as “one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.” Apollo 11 effectively ended the Space Race and fulfilled a national goal proposed in 1961 by President John F. Kennedy: “before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth.”
This groundbreaking event in human history changed everything – style of life, way of thinking, and as a result architecture, design and fashion. Fascinating fact not known to public that one of the most futuristic fashion designers of XX-XXI century Pierre Cardin wore an Apollo 11 (Neil Armstrong) space suit right after Apollo 11 landed. He went to NASA’s Houston headquarters in 1969, right after they had returned from the moon, and asked for this possibilities. He tried on Neil Armstrong’s spacesuit, fashion designer Pierre Cardin was one of the few civilians to ever do that.
This experience changed life of Pierre Cardin and life of all generation of dreamers. Dream became reality. Even at the age of 97, Cardin’s gaze remains fixed on the future: “In 2069, we will all walk on the moon or Mars wearing ‘Cosmocorps’ ensembles,” he predicts. “Women will wear Plexiglas cloche hats and tube clothing, men will wear elliptical pants and kinetic tunics.”
On July 20, 2019 the Grand Palais in Paris celebrated this event with special presentation and conference. The two famous astronauts Claudie Haigneré and Thomas Pesquet of the European Space Agency (ESA) discussed their reports on historical event of 1969, and shed light on the next steps of the lunar conquest – the Moon Village, a project to build a permanent international base on the Moon.
Today, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP (SOM), in partnership with the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), has released a design for the “Moon Village,” a concept presented by ESA Director General Jan Woerner for the first full-time human habitat on the lunar surface. With ESA and MIT, SOM is master planning, designing, and engineering the settlement. “The Moon Village must be able to sustain human life in an otherwise uninhabitable setting. We have to consider problems that no one would think about on Earth, like radiation protection, pressure differentials, and how to provide breathable air,” said Design Partner Colin Koop. Solving these challenges requires cross-disciplinary collaboration, and a completely new way of approaching the space industry’s most complicated problems.
The evening in Grand Palais was the night of dream about the feature with different performances and projections.